Countries of South Asia

Article by Gian Sagar Malhotra



The main countries of the region of South Asia are India, Pakistan Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka. One-fifth of mankind occupies this region. South Asia has closer links to the Western world in its culture and its history than the other major divisions of the marginal labels China and Southeast Asia. Its early civilization was revealed in the cities of the Indus Plans, dating back to 250 B.C. The languages spoken by the majority of the region’s inhabitants share a common ancestry with those of Europe.


In religion, South Asia developed its own distinctive and widely influential theocracies. Hinduism s still the faith and way of life of about ⅔ rds of the population of the region and it is the majority faith in India and Nepal. Islam is the faith of the majority of Pakistan and Bangladesh. Buddhism is the majority faith of Sri Lanka and Bhutan.


The history of South Asia over nearly four centuries has brought the region closer to the West and although the bounds of empire have been left in recent decades, the political and economic heritage remains. These five counties of South Asia have much in common, both in their past and in their present. Their pasts are closely interwoven. All of these five countries are separate sovereign states of the U.N.


All of these countries are badly in need of economic development to enable them to raise their living standards. Their people are mostly subsistence farmer and the portion of people employed in industry or living in cities is still small though increasing capital in the form of finance, materials, equipment and technological skill is desperately needed so that jobs may be created.

Some factors in respect of these five countries of South Asia are given here with. Click on any of the links below to further explore the lands of South Asia.







Sri Lanka







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